quinta-feira, 26 de abril de 2007

Linguagem da Internet

Começo me desculpando pela falta de acentos graves e tils nese texto. Meu teclado nao tem isso. Mas vamos ao que interessa =]

Ando vendo pela Internet muitas discussoes sobre o uso da assim chamada "linguagem de internet", e percebo que a maioria das pessoas pensa que esse tipo de linguagem deturpa a língua portuguesa.

A primeira coisa que gostaria de ressaltar é que nao se pode tratar a linguagem utilizada na Internet como uma coisa única. Posso pensar em pelo menos duas divisoes. A primeira delas é o uso de abreviaçoes com o objetivo de tornar mais rápida a comunicaçao. O segundo tipo é o uso de palavras "estilizadas", ou seja, com erros ortográficos propositais.

A linguagem com palavras abreviadas é comum em programas de troca de mensagens instantâneas, e é uma tentativa de acelerar a conversa, que é muito mais lenta do que a fala. No entanto, essa linguagem ultrapassou as fronteiras do MSN e prevalece hoje no Orkut, em e-mails, em blogs, e até mesmo em sites. Em alguns casos, isso é inofensivo, já que ninguém é obrigado a utilizar a norma culta para escrever um e-mail para os amigos. No entanto, há situaçoes, principalmente em textos mais densos e elaborados, em que escrever de acordo com as regras ortográficas torna o texto mais atrativo, e, principalmente, inteligível.

O uso de palavras estilizadas é o que gera mais discussoes e controvérsias. A estilizaçao vai desde troca de letras (o K no lugar do C, por exemplo), até letras maiúsculas e Hs colocados aleartoriamente no meio das palavras. Nao tendo o objetivo de facilitar a comunicaçao, nao serve a nenhum propósito que nao seja a identificaçao com algum grupo social. Quando essa linguagem é usada entre amigos que compartilham este código, nao há problemas na comunicaçao. No entanto, quando se escreve para pessoas diferentes entre si, ou mesmo de características desconhecidas, deve ser usada a norma culta. Isso porque nem todos sao habituados a estilizaçao do texto, e podem ter problemas para compreender o que um texto estilizado quer dizer.

Tudo é, portanto, uma questao de para quem estamos escrevendo. Ao conhecermos os interlocutores, podemos (e devemos) usar a linguagem com a qual eles se identificam. Um exemplo disso é o presidente Lula, cujos discursos, criticados pelas classes média e altas, sao muito bem aceitos pela populaçao de baixa renda. Ele fala na linguagem do povo, que pode entendê-lo, ao contrário da maioria dos políticos, que deixa o povo "boiando". Em contrapartida, quando nao se conhece os interlocutores, ou quando eles sao muito diferentes entre si, convém usar uma linguagem que todos possam entender, que geralmente (mas nem sempre) é a norma culta.

Além disso, é preciso diferenciar as linguagem abreviada e estilizada dos erros de ortografia. Embora passem despercebidos em textos escritos na "linguagem da Internet", sao gritantes em textos cultos. Nao demonstram nem praticidade nem estilo, e sim uma falta de domínio da língua.

Mesmo assim, pior do que o erro ortográfico, que significa a limitaçao do domínio de uma língua, sao os textos mal organizados, com frases mal construídas e idéias confusas, pois quem escreve textos assim nao vai conseguir escrever bem nem em português nem em língua nenhuma. Isso porque o problema é a incapacidade de organizar idéias em forma de texto. De qualquer modo, ambos os problemas andam juntos, na maioria dos casos, já que decorrem, principalmente, da falta de leitura.

O objetivo desse texto é apenas evitar o preconceito contra a linguagem de Internet, quando usada devidamente, e também para explicar quando é conveniente usar essa linguagem e quando nao é. E vale repetir: O mais importante é saber PARA QUEM estamos escrevendo.

Caso queiram complementar, discordar ou me matar, é só deixar um comentário! =P
______________________________________________________________
A noçao de tempo é relativa. Dois minutos é muito pouco para se conversar com uma garota interessante, mas tente passar dois minutos sentado sobre o fogao. (A frase nao é bem assim, mas a idéia é essa, e é geralmente atribuída a Einstein. Mas o que vale é conceito, bem utilizado no texto acima: tudo é relativo (o que nao tem nada a ver com a Teoria da Relatividade, por favor...)

33 comentários:

Guima disse...

Ahn...
Tudo bem a "linguagem de internet", nada contra. Ainda que pessoas continuem escrevendo "errado" fora do ambiente virtual (tem gente q entrega roteiros com "vcs, kd, td, bm").
Mas sei lá, a "linguagem estilizada" é idiota.
Não tem q se aturar uma coisa ridícula como substituir um Ç por SS ou (crianssa, ou kriãnssa) é idiota.
Não tem. É idiota e nada vai mudar isso.

Guima disse...

saiu um OU a mais ali... ignorar isso.

Guima disse...

e "concerteza" enoja as pessoas

Waick disse...

mas aí é ignorância da língua, e nao estilo =P

e a linguagem estilizada é idiota, mas tudo bem se for usada só entre quem goste. É tipo, tudo bem desde que seja longe de mim.

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Também acho que não há problema quando se usa essa linguagem informalmente. Mas o uso contínuo torna-se um vício e você acaba habituando-se a escrever da forma errada e quando menos perceber estará usando a linguagem "internetês" no momento inadequado.

Peço licença a todos que pensam diferente, mas vou mandar minha opinião crítica do assunto...

...Acredito que essa linguagem mesmo parecendo inofenciva é uma forma de "emburrecer" a sociedade e assassinar a língua portuguesa.

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Eba, teorias da conspiração! Os comentários são moderados, mas eu publiquei esse de cima só porque ele é tão engraçado.

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